Archive | March, 2010

Powershell signing, makecert.exe and group policy – Part 1

We don’t have a pki infrastructure at my current job, and I like to keep my powershell scripts on my network drive. So I needed a way to run my .ps1 files off a network drive. Setting Set-ExecutionPolciy to Unrestricted seemed like a bad idea. So I looked into using a signed script and setting Set-ExecutionPolicy to RemoteSigned. I could not justify $300 to buy a trused third party cert, so I looked at makecert.exe from the Windows SDK.

First step make the Root CA cert, private key, and pxf.

  1. makecert -n “CN=RootName” -a sha1 -eku -r -sv Root.pvk Root.cer
  2. pvk2pfx.exe -pvk Root.pvk -spc Root.cer -pfx Root.pfx -pi password

makecert and pvk2pfx can be found in the Windows SDK or in the Visual Studio bin directory. First command results in a private key (.pvk) and a certificate (.cer). Second command makes a pfx out of the first 2.

Second step is to create a certificate from the root cert above.

  1. makecert -pe -n “CN=Certificate” -a sha1 -eku -ic Root.cer -iv Root.pvk -sv Certificate.pvk Certificate.cer
  2. pvk2pfx.exe -pvk Certificate.pvk -spc Certificate.cer -pfx Certificate.pfx -pi password

Now we are ready to sign our powershell script.

  1. $cert = Get-PfxCertificate Certificate.pfx
  2. Set-AuthenticodeSignature -Filepath script.ps1 -Cert $cert

Probably can be combined into one line, but I am not a guru yet.

Next post will talk about how I added this certs above to all the servers.

New MD5 based backup script

I found this use of md5 and find the other day. I based my current backup script around it. The md5 will show if anyone modifies a file, or adds/removes a file in the web hosting root (/var/www) or in the config directory (/etc/httpd/conf.d/). If there is a change then zip each site up individually and move to a backup folder to be rsynced to other servers.

NewWWWMD5=$(find /var/www/ -type f -exec md5sum {} \; | md5sum - | awk '{print $1}')
OldWWWMD5=$(cat $PARENTDIR/_var_www_*.md5)
NewConfMD5=$(find /etc/httpd/conf.d/ -type f -exec md5sum {} \; | md5sum - | awk '{print $1}')
OldConfMD5=$(cat $PARENTDIR/_etc_httpd_conf.d_*.md5)

if [ $NewWWWMD5 = $OldWWWMD5 -a $NewConfMD5 = $OldConfMD5 ]; then
	echo "Neither /var/www/ nor /etc/httpd/conf.d/ have changed"
	rm -rf $BACKUPDIR/*Files
	echo "/var/www or /etc/httpd/conf.d has changed"
	mkdir -p $BACKUPDIR-Files

	# backup /var/www
	for directory in /var/www/*; do
	  	if [ -d $directory ]; then
	    	bu $directory;

	# replace previous /var/www MD5
	rm -f $PARENTDIR/_var_www_*.md5
	find /var/www/ -type f -exec md5sum {} \; | md5sum - | awk '{print $1}' > $PARENTDIR/_var_www_$CURRENTDAY.md5

	#backup /etc/httpd/conf.d
	bu "/etc/httpd/conf.d"

	# replace previous /etc/httpd/conf.d MD5
	rm -f $PARENTDIR/_etc_httpd_conf.d_*.md5
	find /etc/httpd/conf.d/ -type f -exec md5sum {} \; | md5sum - | awk '{print $1}' > $PARENTDIR/_etc_httpd_conf.d_$CURRENTDAY.md5

Seems to work!

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